The semantics of the word «тәте (táte)» and other kinship terms

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kinship terms, táte, áke, áje, apa, etymology, word semantics, Turkic languages; Kazakh language, dialects


Changing the original meaning of a word is a characteristic phenomenon of the language.
In the Kazakh language, one word can be used in several meanings. It is possible that a certain word
may have a figurative meaning in dialects or in samples of oral literature. An example of this is the literary word táte, which is used in dialects in the derivative or original sense of the word. The word
táte in the literary language is used when referring to older female relatives. And its opposite meaning
is “áke; kóke; áke jaǵynan týys aǵa” used in relation to men has a dialectical character. However, in
the language of writers, especially in the works of writers who write about their birthplace, childhood,
and family, this word continues to be used in its local colloquial sense. Such use is observed in earlier
works, for example, in a letter to his brother Khaliolle, Abay used the word táte in the meaning of “áke”.
If we consider the earlier use of the name táte, we can see that this word is used in relation to
relatives on the father’s side, not only in the southern regions, but also in some areas of the west, east,
and even north. It is not without reason that the term of kinship táte is used in such a vast territory
in a sense that is different from the literary language, therefore, there must be an explanation for this.
From the ancient Turkic monuments, one can trace the use of the word táte in the meaning of “áke,
ata”. The article examines the reasons and grounds for using the word táte in the Kazakh language
when referring to a man, analyzes its scope and origin.

Information about author

Sherubay Kurmanbaiuly, Abai Кazakh National Pedagogical University

Doctor of Philology, Professor, Academician of NAS RK, Head, Nemat Kelimbetov Center of Turkic Studies

Marlen Adilov, Abai Kazakh National Pedagogical University

Doctor of Philosophy, Senior researcher, Nemat Kelimbetov Center of Turkic Studies



How to Cite

Kurmanbaiuly Ш., & Adilov М. (2022). The semantics of the word «тәте (táte)» and other kinship terms. Turkic Studies Journal, 4(3), 85–102.