Lexical Peculiarities of Kazakh Spoken in China


Views: 23 / PDF downloads: 47

Authors

  • Saule Tazhibayeva L.N. Gumilyev Eurasian National University
  • Irina Nevskaya Frankfurt University, Frankfurt
  • Aliya Mutali L.N. Gumilyev Eurasian National University
  • Aigul Kadyskyzy L.N. Gumilyev Eurasian National University
  • Almasbek Absadyk Akhmet Baitursynuly Kostanay Regional University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32523/2664-5157-2023-4-130-145

Keywords:

The Kazakh language, the Kazakh ethnic groups, Chinese influence, language variety, lexicon, peculiarities, sociolinguistic situation.

Abstract

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the relationship between the Republic
of Kazakhstan and the People’s Republic of China has increased in the fields
of economics, politics, and culture. This situation attracts the attention of
scholars dealing with the functioning of the Kazakh language in China. The
Kazakh language in China has developed differently than the Kazakh language
in Kazakhstan. The situation of the Kazakh language in and outside Kazakhstan
differed greatly during the Soviet era, especially in the period between 1930-
1991. After Kazakhstan gained its independence, the Kazakh language became
the state language of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Ethnic Kazakhs from
different parts of the world started migrating to their historical Motherland.
In Kazakhstan, they have encountered various socio-cultural problems, the
main of which is connected with different cultural backgrounds. Kazakhs in
Kazakhstan have been strongly influenced by the communist ideology and the
Russian culture. As for the ethnic Kazakhs from China they have also been
influenced by the communist ideology, the Chinese language and culture. All
that was mirrored, in the Kazakh language varieties they speak. This article
aims at describing specific lexical language features of Kazakh spoken in China.

Information about author

Saule Tazhibayeva, L.N. Gumilyev Eurasian National University

Doctor of Philological science, Professor of the Department of Translation Theory and Practice

Irina Nevskaya, Frankfurt University, Frankfurt

Doctor of Philological Sciences, professor

Aliya Mutali, L.N. Gumilyev Eurasian National University

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, associate professor of Foreign Languages Department

Aigul Kadyskyzy, L.N. Gumilyev Eurasian National University

Master of Education, a senior teacher of Foreign Languages Department

Almasbek Absadyk , Akhmet Baitursynuly Kostanay Regional University

Doctor of Philology, Professor of the Department of Philology and Practical Linguistics

Reference

Ақындар айтысы, 2009. Йили педагогикалық университетінің журналы (қазақ тіліндегі басылым). Йили педагогикалық университетінің баспасөзі, Йили, Қытай. ISSN 1009-1084. № 4.

Әлімханұлы Д., 2016. Қытай қазақтарының тіліндегі жерлік парықтар мен өзгешеліктер. Туған тіл. № 2 (27). Б. 54-57.

Болатов Ж., 1990. Қытайдан келген қазақтар тіліндегі жергілікті ерекшеліктер // Қазақ тіліндегі аймақтық ерекшеліктер. Алматы: Ғылым. Б. 38-51.

Брокгауз Ф.А., Ефрон И.А., 1895. Энциклопедический словарь. Т. 29. Спб. 105 с.

Нақысбеков О., 2001. Ж. Аймауытұлының диалектология туралы негізгі ойлары // «Қазақ тілі тарихы мен диалектологиясы» атты ғылыми теориялық конференция материалдары. Алматы.

Радлов В.В., 1886. Образцы народной литературы тюркских племен, живущих в южной Сибири и Джунгарской степи. Ч. I: Поднаречия Алтая: алтайцев, телеутов, черневых и лебединских татар, шорцев и саянцев. Т. 4. Спб. 454 c.

Сарыбаев Ш., 2000. Қазақ тіл білім мәселелері. Алматы: Арыс. 624 б.

Сауранбаев Н.Т., 1982. Некоторые черты древнекипчакского языка // Қазақ тіл білімінің проблемалары / Проблемы казахского языкознания Таңдамалы еңбектерінің жинағы. Алматы: Ғылым баспасы. 351 с. / С. 241-251.

Abish A. 2016. Modality in Kazakh as spoken in China. (Turcologica 107.) Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag. 250 p.

Abish A. & Csato E., 2011. Language attitudes and linguistic habits of young Kazakhs in Xinjiang // Kazakh in post-soviet Kazakhstan. Proceeding of the International Symposium on Kazakh. November 30 - December 2. P. 159-175.

Bi Xun, 2006. Introduction to Kazakh Folklore. Central Minzu University Press. 444 p.

Dwyer Arienne M., 2016. Endangered Turkic Languages of China. Ankara: International Turkic Academy and Astana: International Turkish-Kazakh University. Vol.1. P. 3-20.

Geng Shimin, 1989. Contemporary Kazakh Grammar. Central Minzu College Press. 291 p.

Hudson R.A., 1996. Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 279 p.

Johanson, L. & Csató, É. (eds.), 2022. Turkic languages. London & New York: Routledge. 512 p.

Johanson, L., 2021. Turkic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1084 p.

Jumabay U., 2023. Clause combining strategies in Kazakh as spoken in China in comparative perspectives. PhD dissertation. Frankfurt: Goethe-Universität Frankfurt.

Krauss M., 1992. The world’s languages in crisis. Language, Journal of the Linguistic Society of America. Vol. 68. No. 1. P. 6-10.

Li Sen, 1993. Шынжаңдағы түркі тілдерінің диалектілері жөніндегі алғашқы ізденістер. Тіл және аударма. Үрімжі. № 1. Б. 8-14.

Richards J.C., Schmidt R., 2003. Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics. Beijing-Foreign language teaching and research press. 606 p.

Stewart, William A. 1968, Sociolinguistic Typology for Describing National Multilingualism. In Fishman, Joshua A (ed.). Readings in the Sociology of Language. The Hague, Paris: Mouton. P. 531-545.

Tazhibayeva S.Zh., Nevskaya I.A., Mutali A.K., Kadyskyzy A., 2018. Kazakh Language as Spoken in China: Problems and Research Perspectives. Bulletin of the L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University. No.3 (124). P. 59-68.

Downloads

Published

2023-12-29

How to Cite

Tazhibayeva, S., Nevskaya, I. ., Mutali, A., Kadyskyzy, A., & Absadyk , A. (2023). Lexical Peculiarities of Kazakh Spoken in China. Turkic Studies Journal, 5(4), 130–145. https://doi.org/10.32523/2664-5157-2023-4-130-145

Issue

Section

Turkic languages