Semantics and pragmatics of realia in the original and translation of Abai Kunanbayev’s “Book of Words” into English


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Authors

  • Saule Zhabayeva A. Baitursynov Kostanay Regional University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32523/2664-5157-2023-4-52-62

Keywords:

realia, translation, culture, semantics, pragmatics, concept, translation techniques, generalization, descriptive translation

Abstract

This article is devoted to semantic and pragmatic problems of translation,
in particular, analysis of translation of realia of Kazakh culture into English.
As a practical material of the study, a classic of Kazakh literature “Book of
Words” by Abai Kunanbayev in translation into English was used. The object
of the study is realia of Kazakh culture, reflecting the conceptual basis of the
Kazakh picture of the world through the prism of the author’s vision of Abai.
To implement the proposed problem, methods of component and semantic
analysis of realia, as well as translation analysis, were used. These methods
are based on comparative analysis of the original and English translation.
The analysis of the practical material using the chosen methods led to the
conclusion that the translator must comprehend the deep cultural semantics
of realia that require special kinds of pragmatic adaptation in translation.
A comparative analysis of the original and the translation showed that the
English language means are not able to convey the conceptual content of the
Kazakh reality, and the translation techniques used by the translator limit the
receptor’s understanding of realia deep semantics.

Author Biography

Saule Zhabayeva, A. Baitursynov Kostanay Regional University

Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor of Foreign Philology Department

Reference

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Published

2023-12-29

How to Cite

Zhabayeva, S. (2023). Semantics and pragmatics of realia in the original and translation of Abai Kunanbayev’s “Book of Words” into English. Turkic Studies Journal, 5(4), 52–62. https://doi.org/10.32523/2664-5157-2023-4-52-62

Issue

Section

Culture and Art of the Kazakhs